QUANTUM CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING - EXAMPLE 31.1 : As an approximation, let v = Zc / 137 where v is the radial velocity for 1 s electron of an element, c is the speed of light, Z is the atomic number. For gold with Z = 79, find the radial velocity of its 1 s electron, in term of c and percentage of the speed of light. (b) As an approximation, let A x A = 1 - Z x Z / 18769 where A is the ratio of the relativistic and non-relativistic Bohr radius. Find the value of A.
QUANTUM CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING - ANSWER 31.1 : (a) Approximately v = Zc / 137 = (79 / 137) c = 0.5766 c or 57.66 % of the speed of light. (b) Approximately A x A = 1 - Z x Z / 18769 = 1 - 79 x 79 / 18769 = 0.667 then A = 0.817. The answer is given by Kang Chuen Tat; PO Box 6263, Dandenong, Victoria VIC 3175, Australia; SMS +61405421706; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://kangchuentat.wordpress.com.
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how much time will take 20000 liter water to cool from 80-30 0C ? Assume all parameters constant
Question - Chemical Engineering Material - In crystal material, hexagonal crystal system could form 4-digit index in certain direction of solid. For [1(-1)0] direction in the hexagonal crystal systems of particular catalyst applied in fume removal of incinerator, what is the four-digit index for this direction? Hint : The transformation equations between the 3-digit [h’k’l’] and the 4-digit [hkil] indices are : h = (1/3) (2h’ – k’); i = - (h + k); k = (1/3) (2k’ – h’); l = l’. A. [(-1)100] B. [1(-1)00] C. [(-1)000] D. [00(-1)(-1)] E. [(-1)0(-1)0]
Question 80 - Liquid octane has a density of 703 kilograms per cubic metre and molar mass of 114.23 grams per mole. Its specific heat capacity is 255.68 J / (mol K). (a) Find the energy in J needed to increase the temperature of 1 cubic metre of octane for 1 Kelvin. (b) At 20 degree Celsius, the solubility of liquid octane in water is 0.007 mg / L as stated in a handbook. For a mixture of 1 L of liquid octane and 1 L of water, prove by calculations that liquid octane is almost insoluble in water.
sir i am senthil B.Tech Chemical Engineer which book is refer for objective type questions?
MICROBIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING - QUESTION 28.3 : In the calculation of the growth of bacteria, absorbance, A in spectrophotometry is used. According to Beer-Lambert Law, A = e x l x c where A is the absorbance of the solution (no unit), l is the distance of light travels through the solution (in cm), e is the molar absorptivity or the molar extinction coefficient [ in L / (mol.cm) ]. For a particular solute and fixed path length : As / Ao = Cs / Co where Ao is the observed signal for a known concentration Co, and As is the observed signal for a sample concentration Cs. (a) For a cell concentration of 560 cells / mL, a spectrophotometre gives an absorbance reading of 1.0. A mixture of concentration 3600000 cells / mL can be diluted in several operations, with each operation having a dilution of 1:20. How many dilutions should be made so that the concentration of this mixture can be calculated within a range of A = 0.0 to 1.0. (b) In another experiment, a sample tube of 1 cm in width is used. Let A = 0.06 and e = 0.0012 ml / (cell.cm). Find the cell concentration of the sample.
which is more effective , a single extraction with a large volume of solvent or several small volume extractions? Explain.
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PROCESS CONTROL - EXAMPLE 6.3 : The differential equation is 3 dy / dt + 2y = 1 with y(0) = 1. (a) The Laplace transformation, L for given terms are : L (dy / dt) = sY(s) - y(0), L(y) = Y(s), L(1) = 1 / s. Use such transformation to find Y(s). (b) The initial value theorem states that : When t approaches 0 for a function of y(t), it is equal to a function of sY(s) when s approaches infinity. Use the initial value theorem as a check to the answer found in part (a).
CHEMICAL ENERGY BALANCE - EXAMPLE 11.2 : Calculate the cooling duty, H required to condense and cool acetone from 100 degree Celsius to 25 degree Celsius at atmospheric pressure. The heat of vaporization for acetone at its normal boiling point is 30.2 kJ / mol. The boiling point of acetone at atmospheric pressure is 56 degree Celsius. The flowrate of acetone through the condenser is 100 mol / s = N. Value of sensible heat needed to increase the temperature of acetone in liquid form from 25 to 56 degree Celsius is 4.06 kJ / mol. Value of sensible heat needed to increase the temperature of acetone in vapor form from 56 to 100 degree Celsius is 3.82 kJ / mol. Unit of H is kJ / s.
HEAT TRANSFER - EXAMPLE 5.3 : In a cylinder with a hollow, let a is outside radius and b is the inside radius. In a steady state temperature distribution with no heat generation, the differential equation is (d / dr) (r dT / dr) = 0 where r is for radius and T is for temperature. (a) Integrate the heat equation above into T(r) in term of r. (b) At r = a, T = c; at r = b, T = d. Find the heat equation of T(r) in term of r, a, b, c, d.
respected sir,i have been selected in the written examination prelim (CHEMICAL) of RINL(RASHTRIYE ISPAT NIGAM LTD.) held on 20 JUNE, So please tell me which type of questions will be asked in 2nd stage written exam. plz send me last 2-3 years questions asked in RINL(written exam).
QUANTUM CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING - EXAMPLE 31.6 : In N + 1 Rule in Quantum Chemistry, whenever a spin 1 / 2 nucleus is adjacent to N other nuclei, it is split into N + 1 distinct peaks. In 1 peak or singlet, there is only 1 magnitude. In 2 peaks or doublet, the ratio of magnitude of each peak is 1 : 1. In 3 peaks or triplet, the ratio of magnitude of each peak is 1 : 2 : 1. In 4 peaks or quartet, the ratio of magnitude of each peak is 1 : 3 : 3 : 1. In 5 peaks or quintet, the ratio of magnitude of each peak is 1 : 4 : 6 : 4 : 1. (a) By using binomial coefficients or Triangle of Pascal find the ratio of magnitude of each peak if 6 peaks exists. (b) How many adjacent nuclei are available in a spin 1 / 2 nucleus in such situation of 6 peaks?